Learn About Biathlon

Would you like to know more about the sport of biathlon? Biathlon is an Olympic winter sport, which combines competitive, free-technique cross-country skiing and small-bore rifle marksmanship. Several other competition forms of movement and shooting - such as ski archery, snowshoe Biathlon, running and shooting and mountain bike Biathlon - are also normally included in the general category of Biathlon. The word competition is used in Biathlon instead of race because it is not only a race but a combination of two different competitive activities.

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History of Biathlon

Did you know the word biathlon is of Greek origin and means “two tests”? This of course refers to the combination of skiing and shooting which dates back over 4000 years through the tradition of hunting while travelling on skis in pursuit of game. Historians also cite military references with descriptions of battles between warriors on skis. Gradually, the techniques needed for survival and combat developed into contests of skill. What could have been a more natural competition between the hunters in the Scandinavian forests, than that of marksmanship and cross-country skiing?


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